Oorlogsmusea & Monumenten

 

? Jan van Hoof Monument

Address: Waalbrug, Nijmegen

Jan van Hoof, student and member of the secret services in the Netherlands, collected during months and months data about the bridges across the river Waal and about the explosives as those were prepared by the Germans. Although he was decorated by three countries for the disabling of the explosive charges underneath the bridge across the Waal, the Minister for War has nevertheless initiated a thorough investigation into the part played by Van Hoof. It is virtually sure that he disabled the charges during the fighting on September 18th (and prevented the Germans from blowing up the connection between the advancing allied forces near Eindhoven and the paratroopers north of Nijmegen).

The monument for Jan van Hoof is a statue in bronze of a male figure with a flag. The text on the monument can be translated as follows:
“With this monument we honor all that died with Jan van Hoof in the resistance for the liberation of Nijmegen 1940 – 1945.”

The Dutch tricolor is the national symbol of unity and solidarity.

Source: Marcel Jans Pictures: Marcel Jans & Felix Dalberger

 

? Anti-tank gun Waalbrug

Address: Hunnerpark, Nijmegen

Hunnerpark, Nijmegen

This is one of the remainders in the area around the bridge across the river Waal at Nijmegen which reminds of the terrible battle that has been fought there.
It concerns a German gun of the type 50mm PAK 38 (Panzer Abwehr Kanone) and has been placed on a slope in the Hunnerpark. The gun can be visited also from the road the N325.
This type of gun belongs to the standard category of the German anti-tank armament and some 10.000 of those were manufactured.
The gun was involved in the battle around the Hunnerpark and the Keizer Lodewijksplein in September 1944.

History
During operation Market Garden in September 1944 the American paratroopers and the British ground forces arrived at the bridge and were faced with the resistance of the 1. Kompagnie SS-Panzer-Pionier-Abteilung 10 under the command of the SS-Untersturmführer Werner Baumgärtel and by the 2. Bataillon SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 19 under the command of SS-Hauptsurmführer Karl-Heinz Euling.

On September 18th, 1944 the so called Kampfgruppe Euling crossed the river Rhine from the direction of Arnhem at the Huissen and Pannerden to dig in in the Hunnerpark.
When the 82nd Airborne Division crossed the river Waal at the power station, the bridge could be attacked from both the north as well as from the southern side. This made the Germans cease the battle at the southern side of the bridge.
Of the 500 men strong dug in Kampfgruppe Euling over 300 died. About 60 others were made prisoners of war, the remainder escaped.

Source: Ewoud van Eig Pictures: Frans Meijer

 

? Commonwealth War Cemetery

Jonkerbos Burgermeester Daleslaan 35, Nijmegen

Jonkerbos War Cemetery in Nimwegen counts a total of 1.543 military graves of soldiers that died on Dutch soil between September 3rd 1939 and May 5th 1945.
On the site where the cemetery these days is situated, the 504th Para Infantry Regiment of the US Army prepared for the crossing of the river Waal on September 20th 1944.

The soldires that lay here have the following nationalities:
United Kingdom: 1.385 of which 96 are unknown soldiers.
Canada: 8 of which 1 unknown.
the Netherlands: 1
Australia: 34
Russia: 1
New-Zeeland: 21
Poland: 6
Belgium: 5
Unidentified: 2
Source: Marcel Jans Pictures: Marcel Jans

 

? John Frost Brug

Address: Nijmeegseweg, Arnhem
The bridge where John Frost during operation Market Garden held the lines for a long time.

Source & Pictures: Jeroen Koppes

 

? Jacob Groenewoud Plantsoen

Jacobus Groenwoud (1916-1944).
Jacobus Groenwoud was part of the Jedburgh Team “Claude” during the battle of Arnhem. This team had the task to gain as much information from the resistance that could help the 1st British Airborne Divison in getting to the bridge. Jedburgh Team “Claude” excisted from 2 Americans and a Dutch man. After being flown in a C-47 Dakota he landed on 17 September around 1400 Hours on the heath near Heelsum and Wolfheze, also known as ‘Dropping Zone X’.

After the landing Groenwoud joined the 1st Parachute Brigade HQ.
Together with them he started marching to the bridge. During his way he succeded, with two other British to capture the Rijnpavilion. Doing so, he found important documents, that conained plans on destroying the harbours in Amsterdam and Rotterdam.

Later that day Groenwoud arrived at the Arnhem trafficbridge. The following days formed one of the most memoriable actions in the history of teh British Airborne units. The British units around the bridge, about 600 in number, had little or no contact with the main part of the unit, who was trying desperatly to break trough around the St. Elisabeth Gasthuis and the City hall and to reinforce the man at the bridge. That was also the reason that on Monday 18 September Groenwoud voluntered to go trough the German attacklines in the direction of Oosterbeek to give some important orders to the division.

At only a couple of hundred meter outside the bridgehead of the British faith struck. Groenwoud was hit in the head by a German sniper and Groenwoud died immediately. On 27 Juli 1945 Captain Jacobus Groenwoud was registerd in the Order of the Militaire Willemsorde.

Born: 8 November 1916 in Amsterdam Died: 18 September 1944 in Arnhem

The Jacobus Groenewoud Plantsoen
The Jacobus Groenewoud plantsoen is situaded in the middle of Arnhem, near the John Frostbrigde. The square was made several years ago when Paul Scholten was mayor of Arnhem (1989-2001).

On the square several things can be seen. First you will find a big stone with a helmet on top if you walk up the stairs. This stone was from the Eusebius church in Arnhem, also known as the ‘big’ church. The church was destroyed completely as a result of the fights in Arnhem. When people walk around the square they will find a big plaquette. It says in Dutch, English and Polish a brief note of how the battle of Arnhem took place. When you will walk further you will see 8 other, smaller, plaquette’s which all contain a photo or drawing that connect Arnhem to the Second World War. So you will find drawings of the battle of Arnhem, but also the periods that eventually led to the liberation of Arnhem in April 1945.

Between these plaquettes you will find some benches, from where you will have a nice view on the Rhine river and the bridge. Also there are some others objects placed that remnid to the fighting fromthe second World War. So there you will find a bomb om a total of 400 kilograms and some other ammunition. Also you can find a piece of a propeller given by the Museum ’40-’45 in Schaarsbergen, Arnhem.

Next to that you will find a big white sign at the end of the square, it says as follows, ” Jacobus Groenewoud, reserve captain of the Infantry, born 1916, died 18 September 1944, as only Dutch officer during the fighting for the Rhinebrigde. Posthumous rewarded with the Militairy Willemsorde.

The eyecatcher object is the Candian 25 pounder artillery gun. Wrongfully it is thought that this gun is from the battle of Arnhem.This is not the case because this object can’t be transported trough the air and the British paratroopers didn’t used this gun.. On this gun you will find a stone from the 16th Parachute Field Ambulance (RAMC), one of the medical units who would face an impossible task to take care of the many wounded. On the gun you will find a plaquette with the following text, “A stone with a badge, a name, a date burried here, brothers, friends and mate they fought their battles to free us all till the bugle sounded their last call.”

Source: Jeroen Niels

 

? St. Elisabeths Hospital

Address: Utrechtseweg, Arnhem
WWII Percentage: 40%
40%
During the Battle of Arnhem this hospital was situated in the middle of the battle-area and funtioned shotly as a military hospital for the Allieds, before it was captured by the German forces.
Nowadays there are apartments in the building.

Source: Fedor de Vries Pictures: Jeroen Koppes

 

? Airborne-shield 1st British Airborne Division

Address: Utrechtsestraat, Arnhem

This shield is placed above the door of a house at the
Utrechtsestraat (at the location of the museum).

Text on the shield: AIRBORNE HOUSE
In this building 30 members of the 1st British Airborne Div.
heroically defended themselves against superior forces from the 18th to the 19th of sept. 1944.

Pictures: Hans Molier

 

? Arnhem War Museum ’40-’45

In May 1994 the Arnhem Warmuseum ’40-’45 opened it’s doors for the first time for the big public. A during decades gathered collection of waepons , uniforms and a lot of other objects which give a good image of what the dayley life was like during that time, found their place in the former villageschool of Schaarsbergen.

The Arnhem Warmuseum ’40-’45 gives besides a general survey, especially a as much as possible correct image of what was happening around Arnhem and it’s enviroment during the war period.

The purpose of this private museum is to keep the memory of this important episode in history alive and to preserve an unique collection for posterity.

For the current visitor information, please visit the website of the museum.

Source: Arnhems Oorlogsmuseum ’40-’45 & Barry van Veen Pictures: Barry van Veen
The museum is open to the public all year round from 10.00 to 17.00.
The museum is closed on: – Mondays – 25 and 26 december – 31 december and 1 january

 

? Restaurant Westerbouwing

Address: Westerbouwing 1, 6862 VV, Oosterbeek
00%

Oosterbeek, with a vista over the river “The Neder Rijn”.

A historic location with a view at “The Island” where the allied advances were halted. At the opposite side of “The Island” Oosterbeek is situated and a little further on the city of Arnhem where the Allied Airborne Troops fought their unequal battle against the well organized Germans.
After the operation “Market Garden” a static battle followed in which the Germans occupied the high bank of the river (Westerbouwing) and crushed every allied movement in the lowland with their artillery. In the river forelands the British Infantry troops were dug in, later the First Allied Airborne Troopers. (amongst others 506 Pir. 502 Pir. etc. )

At the restaurant you will find various memorials, plaques and shields (like e.g. on a street bench). Each year the veterans of the various allied nations return to this restaurant ( English, Polish and American.)

Source: Don van den Bogert Pictures: Don van den Bogert en Kees Jan Koster

 

? Hotel De Wereld (Hotel the World)

Address: 5 Mei Plein, Wageningen 5 Mei Plein, Wageningen

WWII Percentage: 100%

Hotel de Wereld (in English “Hotel the World”), is located in Wageningen. On this location, the German army in occupied Holland capitulate on the 5th and 6th May 1945.

The German general Blaskowitz surrendered to the Canadian General Charles Foulkes. This meant that occupied Netherlands would finally emerged from the Nazi occupiers.

Source: Stichting Nationaal Erfgoed Hotel De Wereld Pictures: Arjan Vrieze

 

? Liberty Park

Address: Museumpark 1, 5825 AM, Overloon
Museumpark 1, 5825 AM, OverloonPhone number: +31(0)478641250

+31(0)478641250
Fax number: +31(0)478642405
+31(0)478642405
E-mail: info@libertypark.nl
info@libertypark.nl
Website: www.libertypark.nl
www.libertypark.nl
80%

As from the year 2006 Liberty Park in Overloon consists of two museums:
– Dutch National War and Resistance Museum;
– Marshall Museum.

Dutch National War and Resistance Museum
War belongs in the museum. That is the motto of the Dutch National War and Resistance Museum. In the National War and Resistance Museum, the history of the Second World War is presented. Here, you will see how it came to be that, in a period of five years, more than fifty million people lost their lives. But also how the oppressed population managed to cope with restrictions and shortages in a resourceful way. Attention is given to the resistance in those days, but also to the persecution. And finally, of course, to the liberation, with special attention to the Battle at Overloon.

Marshall Museum
In a space of more than 10,000 square metres there are more than 150 historical vehicles, vessels and aircraft, which provide an excellent overview of the military efforts during the Second World War. You will find layouts that provide you with a picture of the invasion in Normandy on D-Day, and also of the Battle at Arnhem and the Battle in the Ardennes.

For the current visitor information, please visit the website of the museum.

Source: Liberty Park Pictures: Barry van Veen

 

? Airborne museum Hartenstein

Address: Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ, Oosterbeek
Phone number: +31(0)263337710
Website: www.airbornemuseum.com
During the “Battle of Arnhem” Hotel Hartenstein was the headquarters of the British commander General-Major R.E. Urquhart. The museum is now in the same building.

A nicely arranged and looked after museum about the “Battle of Arnhem”, with 5 life-size diorama’s. You follow the battle day by day, from the Airborne landings, to the heavy fighting that took place around Arnhem and Oosterbeek and the retreat.

Very nice material, left behind or dug up after the battle. Beautifull diorama’s and audiovisual presentations makes your flesh creep. After visiting the museum you have an impressive image of this tragedy in September 1944. In the summer it is possible to get a tour around the battlefields of Oosterbeek.

For the current visitor information, please visit the website of the museum.

Source: Ron & Agnes van Os Pictures: Jeroen Koppes & Alex Ossel

 

? Jeeptunnel under the railway

A construction that triggers the imagination and which recently has been completely restored. It has been mentioned in many books. After the airborne landings in Wolfheze the British had to begin their long road to Oosterbeek and Arnhem under heavy enemy fire. Soon the Germans recaptured much terrain. All important railroad crossings were heavily guarded. The British discovered this tunnel and established that, with their windshields folded down, their antennae retracted and all equipment carefully stored inside the jeep, they would only just be able to drive through the tunnel.

We tried it ourselves: it is a narrow fit!
It is not possible to reacht the tunnel by car. From the station of Wolfheze into the Johannahoeveweg. At the end from this road into the track, after 650 metres you reach the tunnel.

Source: Don van den Bogert Pictures: Don van den Bogert

 

? The Grebbeberg Frontline

The Netherlands were invaded by the German army on the morning of 10 May 1940. The goal of the German army on this first day of war was to breach the Dutch main line of resistance, which was known as the Grebbelinie. This breakthrough had to be established on the Grebbeberg near the city of Rhenen. The Grebbeberg was a weak spot in the Grebbelinie because the fields in front of the Dutch positions could not be inundated.

As a result of stubborn Dutch resistance on the river IJssel and other places the first German units reached Wageningen, in front of the Grebbeberg, only late in the evening. During the night the German attack was prepared by heavy artillery fire that was concentrated on the Dutch outposts between Wageningen and the Grebbeberg.

The inexperienced and poorly armed Dutch units took up the fight against the in all ways superior German forces. In spite of all this, the Dutch defenders managed to block the German attacks for three days in a row. During these three days the Grebbeberg was the scene of heavy man-to-man fighting.

Even today the Grebbeberg is worth visiting. In the first place there is the Dutch War Cemetery and its small museum, which is discussed on another page of this site. Further on there are several small bunkers (called “kazematten” in Dutch) and trench parts that can be visited. Examples are two bunkers that are restored by the Dutch foundation “The Greb”, namely the S3-bunker S15 and the SZW-bunker S17. The S3-bunker is a porcupine with three loopholes, a crew of three and armed with a light Lewis M20 machinegun. The SZW-bunker is a porcupine for a heavy machinegun, a crew of three and armed with a heavy machinegun. On the tenth of May however the SZW-bunker S17 was armed with two heavy machineguns.

Source: Danny Manning & Barry van Veen Pictures: Barry van Veen & Marcel Jans

 

? Nationaal Bevrijdingsmuseum 1944-1945

Op één van de mooiste plekken van Nederland is het verleden tot leven gebracht in het Nationaal Bevrijdingsmuseum 1944-1945, 10 kilometer ten zuidoosten van Nijmegen. In het museum maakt u de aanloop naar de Tweede Wereldoorlog mee, ervaart u de bezettingstijd, viert u de bevrijding en ziet u de wederopbouw van Nederland en Europa. Door middel van geuren, interactieve presentaties, diorama’s, modellen, originele films en geluidsfragmenten wordt de bevrijding op boeiende wijze verbeeld. Het museum toont aan jong en oud de betekenis van vrijheid, democratie en mensenrechten.

 

? Canadese begraafplaats

Aan de Zevenheuvelenweg ligt de Canadese begraafplaats. In deze omgeving werd tijdens de bevrijdingsdagen in september 1944 zware strijd geleverd. Op de begraafplaats zijn meer dan 2600 Canadese soldaten begraven. Het kerkhof werd in 1947 door koningin Wilhelmina geopend. Het kerkhof maakt deel uit van de Gemenebest oorlogsgraven en is Canadees bezit. Nog steeds wordt het kerkhof regelmatig bezocht door Canadese gasten om eer te bewijzen aan gesneuvelde familieleden, medestrijders en landgenoten.

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